You love your job but want to branch out and earn a little extra income. Or you may still need to work full time while you carve your own path. Whatever the case, learning how to start a side business could be the smartest thing you ever do.
The extra income you earn can allow you to:
- Pay off that credit card
- Put a down payment on a car
- Finally go on that holiday
- Buy your own home and more
Additionally, you never know where a side gig might take you. It could grow and earn you an extra couple of hundred dollars a month — it could even become a small business that nurtures your soul.
If you’re ready to dive in, follow the steps below as a general guide to help get you started.
Have a great idea for a side business? Claim your online identity by registering the domain name now:
How to start your side business
There are many ways to earn extra income. But this ‘extra’ income should not include any funds derived from things like a day job or studies.
The amount of effort you need to put into your side job can vary, depending on your profession. Some side jobs can:
- Allow you to earn more money than others
- Require more time
- Suit your personality, skills and talents better
- Require start-up costs (think licensing, permits, training, inventory or capital purchases)
It’s best to work out what you would like to earn and how much time you can put towards your idea before getting started. Here are three steps you should take before getting started:
- Make a list of ideas: Do your research and take your time before you make your decision. Your side business will have a better chance of success if you love what you do and are good at it.
- Do a trial run: See if your idea fits in with your lifestyle. If you like doing it as a business (and not just for fun), then you may be ready to fully commit to the venture.
- Put your side job together: Once you have your idea and you’ve decided which direction you’d like to go, then it’s time to consider the finer details.
If you follow these steps in order beforehand, you’ll have an easier time fine-tuning the rest of the work later.
1. Choose your business structure
Choosing the right business structure is important since it will dictate how you’ll trade, determine your rights and lay out your responsibilities.
You’ll need to choose a business structure that protects you against litigation and determines how you’ll be taxed.
There are a number of business structures you can select from, including:
- Sole trader – This is the simplest structure available and gives you full control of your business.
- Company – This is a more complex business structure. But it protects your personal liability because it’s a separate legal entity.
- Partnership – This is made up of two or more people who distribute income or losses. Both parties operate under a sole trader business structure within the partnership.
- Trust – A trustee is responsible for business operations and a trust operates under a different legal structure. The trust is dependent on the type and how it’s set up. It’s often the hardest to modify and typically doesn’t change once started.
Below we’ll discuss each one in more detail to help you get a better understanding.
A sole trader business structure gives you full control of your business assets and allows you to have autonomy with your business decisions. You decide on things like:
- The product or service you’ll sell
- The contractors and supplies you’ll use
- How much work you want to take on
You also won’t need a separate bank account. However, it’s a good idea to open one and keep your business and personal money separate.
Sole traders are personally responsible for the legalities of their business.
The owner’s personal assets are at risk because the unlimited liability of your side business is your personal responsibility.
On a positive note, this business structure requires fewer reporting requirements and is the simplest business structure to choose from.
However, it’s worth it to use good accounting software to help you stay current with your finances.
You’ll need to work out if your side business is profitable by looking at:
- Remitting receipts
- Keeping track of your expenses and profits
What you need to know about sole trader taxes and accounting
When it comes to lodging a tax return, a sole trader can use their personal Tax File Number (TFN).
The owner is personally responsible for paying taxes and all money earnings that are deemed the personal income of the owner. Income that can be claimed on tax deductions include:
- Business concessions
- Grants (should they be applicable)
Additionally, a sole trader does not need an Australian Company Number (ACN) to start a side business. However, you’ll need an Australian Business Number (ABN) and need to keep your accounting records for five years in case of auditing.
Note: If your sole trader business earns over $75,000 gross annual turnover, you’ll be required to register and collect the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
A company is set up as a separate legal identity that can:
- Incur debt and profits
- Earn an income
- Be held responsible for all legalities (not the owners)
Companies can be expensive and complicated to set up, so this business structure best suits owners who:
- Expect a high return
- Want the option to use losses to offset future profits
- Need a higher level of legal protection
A company’s business operations are controlled by directors and owned by shareholders. It also must:
- Lodge its own tax returns each year
- Complete an annual review
- Pay an annual renewal fee
- Register to pay and collect the GST if turnover is $75,000 or more.
A partnership is made of two or more people who distribute income or losses between themselves. This business structure is easy and inexpensive to set up, plus has minimal reporting requirements.
Each partner is required to use their personal Tax File Number (TFN) to lodge their own tax return. A partnership return should also be lodged each year with its own unique tax file number.
Each partner pays income tax on their share of the income and must lodge an annual tax return. The entire partnership must also register to pay and collect the GST if turnover is $75,000 or more.
A trust is a business structure that carries out tasks and management on behalf of the trust’s members (or beneficiaries). This is completed by a trustee who decides how profits are distributed.
A trustee can be a person or a company and is responsible for income and losses within the trust.
Trust structures are generally set up to protect business assets of beneficiaries. They typically are:
- Hard to set up
Trusts can also be hard to dissolve once established. It’s best to seek professional advice when determining the type of trust that’s most beneficial for your business.
2. Decide if you’ll need employees or contractors
If you’re working or studying full-time, you may not have the necessary time to dedicate on all levels of your side business. In this case, you may decide to outsource some of your tasks when the need or time arises.
When hiring people, it’s best to understand the differences between contractors and employees. Each has different obligations that can affect:
Do your research beforehand and go with whatever fits your business needs best.
An employee works in someone’s business. Their employer controls:
- How they work
- When they work
- Any constraints they will need to work under
Employees are paid a salary or wage and are required to perform tasks in a certain manner.
A business will need to report an employee’s tax and super obligations directly to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO). This is completed using Single Touch Payroll (STP) for each pay roll period, which means a business will need STP-enabled software to do this.
If you hire an employee, you’ll need to collect and pay their tax obligations on their behalf. This is known as Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) and you’ll need to tax your employee at the correct marginal tax rate.
The minimal pay rates for awards and the national minimum wages are reviewed every year — changes usually take place around 1 July. Pay rates will change when:
- A junior employee has their birthday
- An apprentice or trainee reaches an employment period milestone
- Your employee’s role changes
If you offer certain perks to your employees, you might incur Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT). You’ll need to register for FBT and make payments between 1 April and 31 March each year. Examples of fringe benefits include providing an employee with a car, accommodating car parking spaces and more.
You’ll need to keep employee records for seven years, including records about their:
- Hours of work
- Super amounts
Records should be kept for five years relating to tax and superannuation amounts. You’ll also need to keep records on how you met your choice of super fund obligations.
A contractor is set up differently than an employee. Contractors operate under their own business terms and have their own invoicing and reporting obligations. A contractor can include:
- Independent contractors
Many of these contractors can also operate as any of the four business structures mentioned earlier.
Their tax and super obligations will be different than an employee. Depending on the contract you offer, you may need to pay PAYG and superannuation on behalf of your contractors. But this is often the contractor’s responsibility.
Note: You may be required to lodge a Taxable Payments Annual Report (TPAR) by 28 August each year for each contractor you employ.
3. Choosing your business name
Your business name is the name you’ll trade under.
Choosing the right name is important because it’s how you’ll be known in the marketplace.
Here are a few tips to consider:
- Choose a name that’s easy to remember, spell and pronounce.
- Make your business name short and simple.
- Keep your name descriptive, fresh and different than your competitors.
- Select an image that portrays your business best.
- Keep tabs on the competition.
- Ensure your idea isn’t the same as another business.
- Check for trademarks, registrations and copyright on any business name you’re considering.
- Determine if the matching domain is free for your business name.
Once you’ve chosen your business name, you’ll need to register it with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). This will allow your business to operate in any state or territory.
If you want exclusive right to your business name, consider registering a trademark. Registering a trademark is costly, so consider if you need to take this step at the side business stage.
Related: How to name a business
See if the name you want is available now
4. Finding a location
At first, you may find that working out of a small area in your home is best for your budget. But there might come a time where you’ll need more room to run your business and the kitchen table won’t be big enough.
Possible ways to upgrade your location include:
- Dedicating a larger home office space
- Investing in a warehouse for products or parts
- Designating an external space to meet clients or employees in
All of these decisions will incur tax obligations. If you’re aware of them, you can plan to use them to reduce your tax.
Knowing what you can and can’t deduct is a must when sourcing out a location for your business.
It’s important to ask for tax concessions you may be eligible to receive. Let’s review some important deductions and expenses you’ll need to consider below.
Home office deductions
A lot of side business owners use their home as their place of work. There are two types of tax deductions that can be claimed if you work from home: running and occupancy expenses. I’ll review both down below.
There are three ways in which you can claim these types of deductions:
1. Fixed rate method:
You can claim 52 cents per hour you worked from home. This rate incorporates things like:
- Electricity and gas for heating
- Cooling and lighting
- Phone and internet
- Cleaning and repairs of your home office
It also will include the decline in value of your office fittings and furnishings.
2. Actual cost method:
This calculates the actual costs for all of your expenses
3. Shortcut method:
This is an all-inclusive rate of 80 cents per hour. Nothing else can be claimed with this method, so you won’t be able to include any the following:
- Mobile phone
- Home office furniture
The shortcut method can be claimed between 1 March 2020 to 30 June 2022 for all of your expenses.
Home occupancy expenses include:
- Mortgage interest
- Council rates
- House insurances
- Land taxes
Keep in mind that if you are eligible to claim occupancy expenses, you may incur Capital Gains Tax if you sell your home. This is still the case whether you decide to actually claim the occupancy expenses or not.
If you’re looking for help when negotiating your leasing or renting options, try seeking out advice from:
- Business advisors
Should you need help, these professionals will work in the best interests for your business.
Note: A tax accountant will advise you of tax strategies and put things into place so you don’t pay too much tax and recoup where you can.
5. Getting the proper registrations, licenses and permits
There are licenses and permits you might need to take out in order to do some business activities. These will help protect you and all of the following parties, should you need it:
- Your business
- Your employees
- Your customers
Whether you need any licenses or permits will depend on your side business activities and location. The Australian Business Licence and Information Service (ABLIS) can help you find the following items you need for your business:
- Council approvals
If your business doesn’t have the right registrations, it can affect your tax rate or result in penalties or fines.
Use this ABLIS tool to find the licences and permits you need.
6. Understanding your finances
If you have a separate bank account for your side business, it’s easier to:
- Track expenses
- Make payments
- Understand your cash position
If you’re a sole trader, you can use your own bank account, but it’s not recommended.
Your best bet is to keep your business and personal bank accounts separate, even when your side business is just starting up.
Partnerships, trusts and companies require a separate bank account for tax purposes.
Prepare your budget
A budget will help you forecast income and expenses, as well as manage your cash flow. Your cash flow is all of the money that comes into your business and can include:
- Debtor receipts
- Tax rebates
To properly calculate your cash flow, you’ll need to work out your total incomings and your cash outgoings. Outgoings include:
- Accountant fees
- Advertising and marketing
- Rent and sales
- Utility expenses
Calculate your monthly cash balance to work out the financial health of your side business.
It’s helpful to use the following accounting software to keep track of your income and expenses:
You can use these to keep track of your records for your tax.
7. Your tax obligations
Understanding the tax obligations for your side gig will save you time and money in the long run.
Staying organised and paying on time will avoid penalties.
There are different types of taxes that your side business might incur:
- The goods and services tax (GST)
- Income tax for your business
- Capital gains tax (CGT)
- Fringe benefits tax (FBT)
- Pay as you go withholding (PAYG)
How do tax deductions work?
Tax deductions are taken away from the income you earn. Reduced income means reduced tax payable on that income.
For example, say you earn $65,000 and pay $14,000 in tax. This means your tax refund would be $1,133. However, if you spent $3,500 on work-related expenses, your taxable income would be brought down to $61,500.
Your refund would go from $1,133 to $2,393. Your deductions enable you to receive an extra $1,260, a portion of the $3,500 you spent.
How do I prepare for taxes when starting a business?
You won’t have any tax instalments paid on your income during the year like you do with wages. Therefore, it is likely that you will have to pay taxes in a lump sum to the ATO when you complete your first tax return.
Pro tip: Put aside money throughout the first year to make sure you are prepared for this first bill.
The ATO will then, in most cases, send you out tax instalments for you to pay each quarter in preparation for the next tax return.
What to expect if you have a lot of expenses in the first year
If you have a lot of expenses in the first year and hope to get a refund, this will not be the case if no tax has been paid during the year.
A tax refund is all based on the amount of taxes you paid in advance throughout the year.
The maximum tax refund you can get is all the taxes you’ve paid in advance for that year.
What are some common tax deductions I can include?
You can claim professional services fees such as marketing, advertising and promotions for your side business. Other tax deductions can include:
- Motor vehicle and car expenses: Petrol, oil, repair, road tolls, maintenance, purchase price or leasing
- Travel expenses: Bus, taxi, plane, ride share, car parking
- Clothing, laundry and dry-cleaning: Uniforms, safety gear, sunglasses, high-vis
- Self-education: Student fees, tuition fees, stationery and consumables, laptops
- Tools, equipment and assets: Computer, office furniture, tools of trade
- Union fees and subscriptions: Trade journals, licenses and permits
- Working from home: Home office running and occupancy expenses, phone, internet heating, cooling, gas, electricity
- Insurances: Public liability, work cover, personal indemnity
You can also include the cost of managing your finances and taxes. Not only do you get professional advice to steer you in a profitable direction, but you can also claim the fees, too.
What are some ways to reduce taxable income?
Do yourself a favour and start these habits right now — you’ll thank yourself at tax time.
- Log tax deductions into a software program as you receive them.
- Create a folder and start tucking important documents into it. This includes any receipts, tax invoices, and contracts related to your finances. The ATO will ask for proof.
- Only claim work expenses. If you’ve bought an item, or travel for both business and private use, then you’ll need to apportion the business costs only.
- Claim only incurred expenses. You can’t claim costs you haven’t paid for yet, even if you know the expense is coming up.
Be on the lookout for grants, both federally and state based. Some grants attract personal income tax, while others are exempt.
Additional notes about website tax deductions
Because your website is a business tool, there are a range of tax deductions that can be claimed.
Costs associated with running and maintaining your website can be claimed in the year they occur. Keep the receipts for your:
Off-the-shelf software can be claimed in the year you bought it. Special rules apply if you acquire or develop your own software.
If you’ve outlaid the costs for a new computer or laptop, you will need to depreciate the expense over a few years.
Any services associated with your web site can also be claimed. This includes:
- Graphic design
- Marketing promotions
- Accountant fees
- Any special licensing for fonts or stock photography you use
As a side note, beware of copyright on fonts and images before using them. Don’t be tempted to steal from Google or a free photograph site. Most of these are not regulated and can result in litigation.
If you’ve set up a banking system to an online store, you’ll be able to claim:
- Transfer fees
- Banking transaction fees
You can also include any costs associated with banking and programming.
Editor’s note: If you have a small business but no business website, now is definitely the time to get one. Build it yourself — truly no tech skills needed! — or let the web pros at GoDaddy build one for you.
8. Plan your business
Learning how to start your side business is only part of the equation. Planning will help you prioritise your business goals. It will also give you control over your business and help you understand your financial commitments.
When planning, determine what start-up costs you’ll need to outlay or if you need to seek and apply for any loans.
Good planning will prepare you for an emergency, equipping you with the right tools you’ll need to respond quickly in dire situations. This is crucial for keeping your side business running efficiently and smoothly.
You may have a brilliant idea for a side job, but if no one is willing to buy your products or services, then it might be best to shelve that idea and think of another one.
Understanding your target audience will go a long way to better focus your marketing efforts and spend your money wisely. You should also take time to:
- Know your competition
- Research how to attract customers
- Set goals and time frames
- Map out a strategy for marketing activities and how to evaluate them
It’s also a good idea to sketch out a marketing plan to help you:
- Define your product offering
- Clarify your strategy
- Crystallise your product or service
Remember, you’ll need to ‘know thy market’ if you want a successful side business.
Editor’s note: Eye-catching visuals are key to getting attention on social media. Use GoDaddy Studio to design high-quality images for social posts, infographics and more.
In today’s world, you’ll need an online presence on social platforms and a website. This can help you reach a wider customer base and create interest in your product or service.
Don’t forget to ensure you’re protected from cyber threats. Scammers love an easy target and if you’re not protected it’ll only be a matter of time before you’re targeted for malware.
It’s also important to protect your Intellectual Property (IP). Your IP could be your:
Some forms of IP require you to formally apply and obtain a right to ownership.
In Australia, other forms of ownership such as copyright do not need to be registered. But this might not be the same if you sell into different countries.
You should consider applying for a patent if you’ve created a:
Anything that is new, inventive and useful to your customers should be protected.
Having the right business insurance will protect you and the following assets in case something happens:
- Your income
- Your business
- Your staff
- Your customers
Insurances can vary and will depend on the type of side business you start.
Some insurances are an Australian requirement and include:
- Worker’s compensation: This applies if you have employees and is compulsory for all businesses.
- Public liability: This covers you for third party death or injury and is compulsory for some businesses.
- Third party personal injury: This is compulsory if you own a motor vehicle and is often a part of your vehicle registration fee.
The essentials of earning on the side
Starting a side business is no small undertaking. Whether you’re doing it to save a little extra money or looking to own a small business, you’ll never look back.
Make sure you register your business correctly and abide by the following guidelines
- Trade fairly
- Offer contracts where required
- Operate under the latest privacy, employee and contractor laws
- Protect your intellectual property
If you’re importing and exporting, make sure you’re doing so ethically and under Australian lawful conditions. The Competition and Consumer Act 2010 regulates fair trading in Australia and governs how all businesses in Australia must deal with customers, competitors and suppliers.
While the Act is a national law, each state and territory also provide additional consumer protections within their own fair-trading legislation. Australian consumer law protects consumers of a product or service.
Key takeaways to help you succeed
Make sure you understand your customers first and foremost. You’ll want to offer the best products or services and consider employing professional help where you need it.
There are so many ways you can start a side job and you never know where you’ll end up. You might even get featured on the next episode of Shark’s Tank!
The information contained in this blog post is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as an endorsement or advice from GoDaddy on any subject matter.